Insurance What is a Claim? Claim[kleym]noun1.An insurance Claim is a policyholder’s request to an insurance company for restitution based on the terms of the insurance Policy. The insurance company, through an Adjuster, investigates the validity of the Claim and pays the policyholder. Share | Related Content Accidents Accidents happen to everyone. We're here to help. Did You Know This Fact About Older Vehicles? Did you know you have coverage options on older vehicles? Long-Term-Care Protection Strategies The chances of needing long-term care, its cost, and strategies for covering that cost.